The interprofessional communication skills gained are key to providing quality team-based care to patients, as well. And with a good IPE program, team members use technologies such as electronic messaging, telephone, video-conferencing and other mediums to communicate effectively. EHRs are becoming more popular as primary forms of communication between IPE teams and vital components of interprofessional collaboration in health care.
Interprofessional collaboration is key to increasingly complex patient care
The National League of Nursing (NLN) in December 2015 published a vision statement for Interprofessional Education and Practice, calling on nursing schools to change from the traditional and still-predominant model of having separate professional programs to creating collaborative IPE and practice initiatives. This is because the on-the-job demands of nurses and health practitioners to offer patient-centered, comprehensive and coordinated care have skyrocketed. As a result, there has also been a spike in the demand for advancements in the way IPE is approached, in order to ensure nurses are adequately prepared for their expanding roles.
This means there is also increasing demand on nursing instructors to find effective ways to provide IPE opportunities that integrate effective technologies to their students.
“The greater focus on preparation for collaborative, patient-centered care from nursing stakeholders signals the obligation that nursing educators have to refocus as well," the NLN notes.
But implementing and running IPE programs in nursing schools definitely has its challenges. If an institution is used to being structured strictly by discipline, has siloed decision-making processes in place and is very reluctant to change, instituting IPE can be frustrating. Nursing school administrators and instructors need to be willing to try new thing, adopt new technologies, and break out of archaic approaches to medicine.
“Continued support from the institution through the allocation of resources and participation from faculty, practitioners, hospital executives, and others is crucial to your success," the NLN adds.
So how can nursing schools address some of these challenges in bringing more IPE programs to their nursing students? Introducing EHRs to your IPE program.
It's not your old IPE model anymore
The old IPE model of a group of students standing around a model “patient" exhibiting symptoms A, B, or C, are no longer valid. Now, with technology like electronic health record software at their disposal, nursing students from multiple disciplines can care for these virtual patients collaboratively and in a safe, monitored environment.
EHRs, in their simplest form, are a digital version of a patient's paper chart. They"re easy to find, search, and update, and provide tools like reminders, alarms, and automated processes that improve clinical accuracy. U.S. healthcare organizations have been transitioning from paper-based medical records to electronic health records for over a quarter of a century. They allow organizations to minimize the high rate of medical errors occurring throughout the healthcare industry and act as a tool for increasing patient safety and decreasing the overall cost of healthcare.
When it comes to integrating EHRs into your nursing education program, there are vast benefits for both students and instructors - they help close skills gaps when nurses get on the job, they help nursing students become proficient in documentation before they get to a clinical setting, they become comfortable with technology, and it helps them hone their communication, concise writing and general computer skills, among other things.
And when it comes to the benefits for instructors of using EHRs in your IEP program is, one big bonus is that there is far less paperwork and files to worry about as you teach. All of the patient records and other necessary documentation your nursing students may need to diagnose and treat the virtual patient are all housed in the EHR. Plus, EHRs like Lippincott DocuCare offer nursing instructors the opportunity to customize the patient scenarios. But the key benefits to using an EHR in your interprofessional education center on improving communication, increasing proficiency and comfort with using technology to document and chart, and utilizing the technology to communicate with, and learn from, other professionals - regardless of their location - on patient care.
How these schools used EHRs to boost interprofessional collaboration
Here's how one specific school - the Indiana University School of Medicine - uses simulated health records in its IPE program.
Residents work with graduate-level peers in the school's nursing and social work programs to collectively create comprehensive care plans for geriatric patients. The plans are formed through their chosen EHR, which includes details from real-life records. Each month, 15 trainees from a geriatric rotation are e-mailed a geriatric case for review that includes a case file and patient summary. They communicate through the EHR system and through a team card, on which team members contribute to shared notes. The trainees meet once a month for a face-to-face session to discuss the case.