Approximately 87% of the issued ordinary share capital of Wolters Kluwer is held by institutional investors. The remaining shares are held by retail investors, broker-dealers, or are held in treasury by Wolters Kluwer. Nearly two thirds of the shares held by institutional investors are with firms that designate themselves as socially responsible (SRI) and approximately 15% are in core SRI or ESG funds. As of November 2019, approximately 24% of institutionally-held shares were held in passive, index or quant funds. Investors in the United States hold the largest percentage of institutionally-held shares. Approximately 43% of institutionally-owned shares is held in North America, 29% in the United Kingdom and 24% in Continental Europe.