How is recent economic growth affecting nursing compensation?
Nursing salary report 2018
Are you earning what you’re worth?
With business booming and the U.S. stock market surging to record levels, what effect if any is this having on nursing salaries?
Medscape recently completed its annual salary survey of nurses for 2017 and the news is good once again. U.S. nurses were invited to participate in a 10- to 15-minute online survey about their annual earnings.
According to the 10,523 nurses who responded, the average annual gross salaries (before taxes) for RNs and LPNs is on the rise.
The average earnings of full-time RNs and LPNs last year were $80,000 and $46,000, respectively, versus $78,000 for RNs and $43,000 for LPNs the year before.
Once again, the survey asked respondents to report total annual income and hourly rate of pay. This allows the many nurses who work part-time or per diem to compare their earnings with the findings of this survey.
Average hourly wages were the same for full-time and part-time/per-diem RNs ($37/hour), and for LPNs it was $22/hour.
Among RNs and LPNs, salaried nurses had higher gross incomes (5% higher for RNs and 16% higher for LPNs) than nurses paid by the hour.
Gender, work setting, and education
Among all respondents to this year's salary survey, only 9% of RNs and 8% of LPNs were men, yet male nurses reported higher annual salaries, on average, than women in every category. Men outearned women by $4,000 for RNs ($84,000 vs. $80,000) and $3,000 for LPNs ($49,000 vs. $46,000).
Differences in work characteristics between male and female RNs offer possible explanations for the wage gap. For example, more men work in healthcare settings that typically pay higher wages (i.e. hospital inpatient units, urban environments), and are also more likely to work overtime.
Overall, most survey respondents work in hospital inpatient care settings, accounting for 38% of RNs, which is actually down from 41% in 2016. Another 15% work in hospital-based ambulatory care clinics, with the remaining nurses divided among a broad array of community settings. Traditionally, nurses in acute care hospitals are paid the highest wages, whereas nurses in academic positions and non-hospital-based clinics are paid considerably less.
Only one ambulatory specialty -- occupational health -- reported annual wages that rivaled those of hospital inpatient nurses.
Geographically, RNs living in the West make the most ($103,000 annually), followed by the Northeast ($88,000) and Northwest ($85,000). Nurses who live in the North Central ($71,000) and the Southeast ($75,000) are at the bottom in compensation.
Naturally, a higher level of education brings a higher salary. For RNs and LPNs, earnings increase with education level. RNs with a doctoral degree make an average of $94,000, master's degree make $87,000, bachelor's degree make $80,000, all up from the last survey.
Certification & satisfaction
Certified RNs earned significantly more than noncertified nurses (an average of $7,000 or 9% more). Certified RNs can be rewarded with bonuses, salary differentials, or reimbursement for educational fees.
As expected, earnings of both RNs and LPNs rose with years of experience. This was true for both annual gross income and hourly pay. The average hourly rate for nurses in their first job was $24 for RNs and $18 for LPNs.
A new question on this year's survey addressed union membership (12% of RNs and 7% of LPNs belong). Among union nurses, annual wages were significantly higher for both RNs ($90,000 vs. $70,000) and LPNs ($50,000 vs. $45,000).
Among nurses who experienced an increase in annual income from the previous year, 77% of RNs and 67% of LPNs attributed this to a pay raise.
Across the board, more benefits were offered to RNs than to LPNs. Some of the benefits provided by employers to full-time nurses are paid time off (offered to 96% of RNs and 93% of LPNs) and health insurance (offered to 96% of RNs and 92% of LPNs).
RNs more often than LPNs receive benefits such as contributions to retirement accounts, education allowance/reimbursement, paid parental leave, professional liability coverage and professional society membership dues.
Did you get a raise last year? How does your salary and benefits package measure up to these findings?