2. Covid-19 appears to spread by close person-to-person through respiratory droplets.
Covid-19 seems similar to other coronaviruses, including those that cause the common cold. It appears to spread from prolonged close contact (within six feet) with droplets when an infected patient coughs or sneezes, or from direct contact with secretions such as sputum, serum, blood or respiratory droplets of an infected person (CDC, 2020d). To protect against person-to-person spread, post signage (in appropriate languages) at entrances encouraging patients and visitors to inform staff about respiratory infection symptoms and to practice respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette.
3. Healthcare workers can protect themselves by adhering to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) recommendations for infection control and prevention.
When a patient presents with fever, cough, and shortness of breath and risk factors (recent travel to a place where a recent outbreak has occurred or known exposure to an infected person), instruct staff to place a mask on the patient and isolate them in an Airborne Infection Isolation Room (AIIR), if available. Have them institute Standard Precautions, Contact Precautions, and Airborne Precautions, and wear eye protection when caring for patients with suspected or confirmed infection. Instruct staff to perform all aerosol-generating procedures, including those used to collect respiratory specimens, in an AIIR, and make sure staff wear appropriate personal protective equipment.
Read more about the "What Healthcare Personnel Should Know about Caring for Patients with Confirmed or Possible Covid-19 Infection" on cdc.gov.
4. Hand hygiene remains the single most effective action everyone can take to keep any infection from spreading.
Encourage patients, staff, and visitors to perform hand hygiene often. Instruct staff to perform hand hygiene with an alcohol-based hand rub before and after all patient contact, after contact with potentially infectious material, and before putting on and removing personal protective equipment, including gloves. Remind staff to wash hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds when visibly soiled.
5. Routine cleaning and disinfection practices are effective against Covid-19.
Inform staff that the CDC recommends routine cleaning and disinfection procedures in healthcare settings, including those areas used to perform aerosol-generating procedures, with environmental Protection Agency-approved products that have emerging viral pathogen claims. Medical waste, eating utensils, and laundry also require routine handling.
Forget the hype and stick to infection prevention and control basics
So despite the hype, preventing the spread of the Covid-19 virus infection remains much the same as other respiratory infections. Those same basic infection control practices (standard and transmission-based precautions, respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette, hand hygiene, and routine cleaning and disinfection) that protect staff against other infections can help guard your staff from exposure to the Covid-19 virus.
Since information surrounding the Covid-19 virus continues to evolve, keep informed by checking the CDC’s coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) webpage.
Further reading and resources
About the author
Collette Bishop Hendler, RN, MS, MA, CIC, Editor-in-Chief, Lippincott Solutions, Point-of-Care, is certified by the Certification Board of Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. as an Infection Preventionist.