As our society places more emphasis on health, wellness, disease prevention and more effective chronic disease management, there has been a higher demand for patient-centered care that is more accessible, coordinated, and a model in which all pieces work together.
The increasing need for team-based care is also a result of an increased movement to bring care to the community, instead of the community always coming to the providers.
To keep up with that demand, leading nursing associations are calling on nursing education programs to consider how they can emphasize team-based health care models to better service communities.
What is team-based health care?
Team-based health care acknowledges that the patient is "owned" by a whole team of experts. Comprehensive health services are provided by health professionals who work collaboratively along with patients, caregivers and community service providers to achieve care that is safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient, and equitable.
The idea behind team-based health care is for everyone on the team - from pharmacists to medical assistants to nurses - perform to the fullest capacity of their training and experience. This is especially true for nurses, who are highly trained in all facets of patient care. The team actively integrates different perspectives, knowledge, experience, expertise, and cultural awareness to address a health, illness or wellness need.
In January, The Tri-Council for Nursing (American Association of Colleges of Nursing, American Nurses Association, American Organization of Nurse Executives, and National League for Nursing) published a joint statement on "The Essential Role of the Registered Nurse and Integration of Community Health Workers into Community Team-Based Care." The statement discusses the changing nature of care in the community and the importance of high-impact teams, highlighting the roles of registered nurses and community health workers.
The paper states: