Individual retirement account (IRA) owners have deadlines by which many IRA-related “actions” must be completed. Furthermore, IRA custodians/trustees have deadlines to complete reporting. Transactions subject to a specific deadline include making an IRA regular contribution, removal of an excess or unwanted regular contribution, recharacterization of a prior year regular contribution, and completing a rollover or conversion after taking a distribution. A federally declared disaster area designation can provide relief (i.e., an extended deadline) to affected taxpayers, allowing them to complete certain transactions by a later specified date. Extending the deadline by which an IRA custodian or trustee must file certain reports, such as Internal Revenue Service (IRS) Form 5498, IRA Contribution Information, is also included in the relief provided by the IRS.
Examples of extended deadline relief
The deadline for an IRA owner to make an IRA regular contribution is his/her tax-filing due date, excluding extensions. For 2022 this deadline was April 18, 2023. The deadline by which an IRA custodian or trustee is required to file its 2022 Form 5498s with the IRS and provide it to IRA owners and beneficiaries is May 31, 2023.
Example 1: Barbara, age 48, wanted to make a $6,000 traditional IRA regular contribution for tax year 2022. Under normal circumstances, Barbara would have been required to make this contribution by April 18, 2023, her 2022 tax filing deadline. However, because Barbara is a resident of a county in Indiana that was declared a disaster area due to severe storms, straight-line winds, and tornadoes beginning on March 31, 2023, she has until July 31, 2023, to make her 2022 IRA contribution.
Example 2: Barbara, from example 1, has an IRA with ABC Bank. Utilizing the disaster declaration extension, Barbara contributes $6,000 for 2022 to her traditional IRA with ABC Bank on June 15, 2023. How will ABC Bank report this contribution? ABC Bank is an IRA custodian and located in an Indiana county that was declared a disaster area due to severe storms, straight-line winds, and tornadoes beginning on March 31, 2023. As a result, ABC Bank has an extended deadline of July 31, 2023, to file its 2022 IRS Form 5498s with the IRS and provide copies to IRA owners and beneficiaries. However, ABC Bank will only report IRA regular contributions for 2022 made by IRA owners through April 18, 2023, in addition to other various contributions (e.g., rollovers, conversions, etc.) made to IRAs during 2022. Because the contribution Barbara made on June 15, 2023, was for 2022 but was made using a disaster declaration extension, it is considered a postponed contribution for 2022 and will not be reported on a 2022 IRS Form 5498. ABC will collect deposit documentation from Barbara indicating the deposit type as a postponed contribution, the tax year for which it was deposited (2022), and a reason code of why the contribution was postponed. In this case the reason code is ‘FD’ due to the postponed contribution relating to a federally designated disaster area. This postponed IRA regular contribution will reported in boxes 13a, b, and c of Barbara’s 2023 IRS Form 5498. See the IRS Instructions for Forms 1099-R and 5498 for more information.
Example of rollover relief
Susan took $40,000 from her IRA on March 1, 2023. She was planning to roll the distribution back into an IRA within the 60-day time-period (i.e., by April 30, 2023). As a resident of county in Indiana that was declared a disaster area due to severe storms, straight-line winds, tornadoes, and flooding that began March 31, 2023 Susan has through July 31, 2023 to complete a rollover.
IRA custodians and trustees are not responsible for determining if someone is an affected taxpayer under disaster relief. However, with the many disaster declarations already made this year, understanding the rules and requirements to properly document and report various related transactions is a primary responsibility for IRA custodians and trustees.For an opportunity to learn more about IRAs and other tax advantaged accounts including Health Savings Accounts and Coverdell Education Savings Accounts, consider the Wolters Kluwer IRA Library or on-demand video training offered on a variety of topics. Go here to learn more about training opportunities available to you, or you can call us at 1-800-552-9408.